Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that affects woman’s hormone levels where they produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. It affects women during their childbearing years (ages 15 to 44) where up to 26% of women in this age group have PCOS. However, many of them don’t know about it and up to 70 percent of women with PCOS hadn’t been diagnosed. It is not clear exactly what causes PCOS. They believe it might arise from factors such as genes, insulin resistance, and higher levels of inflammation in the body.


Common symptoms of PCOS:

Some women might show symptoms

around the time of their first period. Others might discover they have PCOS after they’ve gained a lot of weight or they’ve had trouble getting pregnant. However, the most common PCOS symptoms are:

Women can get irregular periods due to lack of ovulation which prevents shedding of the womb lining every month. They might get less than eight periods a year.

Women who don’t ovulate regularly don’t release as many eggs to be fertilized. PCOS is one of the leading causes of subfertility in women.

The periods you get can be heavier than normal as the lining of the womb builds up for a longer period of time.

This mean excess hair growth on the face and body including back, belly, and chest. This affect approximately 70% of women.

Excess male hormones affect the skin and cause breaks on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.

About 80 % of women with PCOS are overweight or obese.

Hair on the scalp gets thinner and fall out.

  • Irregular cycles.

  • Subfertility

  • Heavy bleeding:

  • Hair growth or Hirsutism:

  • Acne

  • Weight Gain

  • Male-Pattern baldness

  • Headaches.

This is due to hormone fluctuation which trigger headaches sometimes.

How PCOS affects your body:

Having high androgen levels can affect your fertility in addition to the other

aspects of your health. This include the following

Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or obese. Both obesity and PCOS increase your risk for high blood sugar, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol, and high LDL (“bad”) cholesterol. All this would increase the risk for heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

During ovulation, the uterine lining sheds. If you don’t ovulate every month, the lining can build up. As a result of anovulation, A thickened lining of your womb can increase your risk for Endometrial cancer

Both hormonal changes and symptoms like excess hair growth can negatively affect your emotions. Many with PCOS would experience depression and anxiety.

How PCOS is diagnosed ?

  • Metabolic syndrome:

  • Endometrial cancer:

  • Depression

  • High androgen levels
  • Irregular Periods
  • Cysts in the ovaries

At Venus Women Health clinic, we can help you by taking the full history, Performing Pelvic examination to look for any problems with your ovaries or other parts of your reproductive tract. We can arrange further blood tests to check your hormonal level and to asses your cholesterol level, insulin, and triglyceride levels. This is important to evaluate your risk for related conditions like heart disease and diabetes. We can arrange also an ultrasound to check your ovaries and confirm the diagnosis.

You can contact us to book a consultation or PCOD testing appointment on 02073900260/ 02033030238 or email info4missarafa@gmail.com

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